An exploration of principles and strategies for helping K-8 students acquire reading and writing skills essential for effective learning in all subject areas. Emphasis is on helping future teachers develop knowledge of fluency, vocabulary development, and reading comprehension strategies. Candidates learn how to incorporate the writing process across all content areas. Focus is on creating authentic writing opportunities that encompass a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences. This course satisfies a portion of the requirements of the Idaho Comprehensive Literacy Act for teacher certification.